risks & complications
It is possible that both breasts will not match identically after
gynecomastia surgery. This is not an exact science and both sides
should be treated as two separate surgeries. It is possible to have
one nipple lower than the other or slight differences in volume.
After a full recovery, any revision surgery can be discussed with
If skin has to be removed along with fat and tissue there will be
a larger scar across the chest. Surgeons will minimize this as much
as possible but the risk remains, especially for those who do not
heal as well such as smokers. Smokers have an increased risk of
tissue loss and delayed healing. Your surgeon will most likely recommend
you stop smoking for several weeks before and after your gynecomastia
Dents, bumps and ripples may appear after your procedure which may
require additional surgery, deep tissue massage, subcision or fat
grafting. Fibrous scar tissue formation can also occur. It is very
important to follow all pre and post-op instructions closely and
to research your surgeon thoroughly.
Pigmentation changes or discoloration are also risks of the liposuction
aspect of gynecomastia. Hyper-pigmentation (permanent dark spots)
from the bruising can occur. Most often discolouration will be temporary
but it can be permanent in some cases.
Numbness or heightened sensitivity of the breasts or nipples is
possible after gynecomastia surgery. Sensation usually returns to
normal after the full recovery period, but can be permanent in rare
Like all body contouring surgery, it is possible that too little
tissue was removed and the problem area is still present even after
several weeks and months of recovery. In this case you should return
to your surgeon for a touch-up. Many surgeons will err on the side
of caution and rather remove too little, than too much tissue since
it is much easier to fix the former problem. Be sure to ask your
surgeon about touch-up policies and cost before your surgery.